(2020, August 27). Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/articles-and-pronouns-in-german-1444493. If I segregate the above list of possible translations into these two categories things will get a bit clearer already: Article                     Pronoun    her (car)                   to her (can’t put „car“ here    their (car)                 you all (can’t put „car“ here)    your (Sir/Ma’am). If you are able to distinguish an article from a pronoun, you improve your chances of making the right choice. 1. Two examples: You will have noticed that the article „ihren (Mann)“ as well as the pronoun „ihren“ do both have the same ending as they both refer to „Mann“. her. Luckily I grew up with German. In English “you” is always “you”. ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/articles-and-pronouns-in-german-1444493. Hanna and Clara are the object of the verb einladen, so the pronoun must be in the accusative. Nein, ihres mag ich nicht, aber deins. Please sprinkle the salt! she was fitted for her wedding dress. Y'all. Translate: from : Synonyms ... English Translation. No, hers I don’t like, but yours. Es ist nicht überaschend, dass Ihr alle es gefunden habt als Ihr in eurem Bad angekommen seid. ye (article) old or quaintly archaic way of writing the , in which the -y- is a 16c. That means, verb stem + t. However, the pronoun ihr is dropped. Can you identify the pronouns and the articles in the following sentences? But don’t worry – the rule for when to use each of these three words is quite straight forward and easy to understand. One can not only inflect ihr, but all German articles. But you probably have not been so fortunate (from a language learning point of view of course) so let me bring some light into your darkness. Singular Plural; a car: two car s: a cassette: two cassette s: a lamp: two lamp s: a hat: two hat s: a cup: two cup s: 1.2. German Verbs: How to Recognize the German Subjunctive I, II, The Many Different Ways to Say 'No' in German, How to Address Someone in German Properly, Learning German "Give and Take" - "Geben, Nehmen", How to Master the German Articles-Learn to see the Signals, German Adjective Endings: Nominative, Accusative, and Dative Cases, Learn About German's Genitive (Possessive) Case, How to Write a Letter in German: Format and Language, How to Tell If a German Word Is Masculine, Feminine, or Neuter, German Prepositions That Take the Accusative Case, Conjugating the German Verb Wissen, Meaning "to Know", A pronoun stands pro-noun i.e. Often at times German learners are confused about „ihr“ (and friends). You (people) can’t stay here. Here are 5 possible meanings. for a noun, M.A., German as a Foreign Language, Technical University of Berlin, M.A., Turkology Humanities, Freie Universität of Berlin, An article is never on it’s own. > There is no noun after „ihr“. Ihre Mutter kommt am Wochenende zu Besuch. The irregular verb "lesen" in German. There is one polite form, Sie, which can be singular or plural in meaning. The German Word 'ihr' Is an Article and a Pronoun. In English | En Español. EN. Second person just means “you” in English or it’s the person or group of persons you are talking to and not about. Person: du / ihr (Höflichkeitsform ‚Sie’) Mit den Personalpronomen der 2. Translate texts with the world's best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of Linguee. But looking at the English translation you will realize that there is a clear difference between those as a comparison of „her“ and „hers“ show. In all other cases they always have an ending which corresponds with those of the pronouns. Ihr imperative form (informal) stays the same as its present tense form. Now what’s with the endings? Here are a few examples for you:-English: German: Note down his address! Translator. In German, nouns always have a relevant gender to consider. One can not only inflect ihrer, but all … Linguee . Look up in Linguee; Suggest as a translation of "" Copy; DeepL Translator Linguee. Translate texts with the world's best machine translation technology, developed by the creators of Linguee. Open menu. In the formal form, both singular and plural is Sie. Michael Schmitz is the author of How to Learn German Faster and the creator of smarterGerman, an online language learning program. This is due to the fact that there are three cases in which there is no ending at the end of an article: masc. You can now learn even more […] Read the Full Blog Post. exp. Linguee. That’s sie as in “she,” and not capitalized Sie, which … neuter feminine plural Learn more in the Cambridge German-English Dictionary. Good. "ihr": The imperative form of the informal second-person plural ("y'all") does not include the pronoun "ihr," but uses the same verb form: Kommt gut nach Hause! German English Use; Ich habe sie zum Essen eingeladen. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. This is due to the fact that there are three cases in which there is no ending at the end of an article: masc. It doesn’t matter to whom you are talking exactly. I will go home. Notiert seine Adresse! "2.Person Plural", colloquial ihr (also: dich, du, euch) The -r-in Old Norse er, German ihr probably is likewise from influence of their respective 1st person plural pronouns (Old Norse ver, German wir). We form the plural by adding - s to the singular of the noun. No wonder because entering „ihr“ into google translate provides us with the following list: If I have five options to choose from in any other than my native language, I’d be confused too. article- and pronoun endings only differ in three cases (see last table), pronouns replace a noun and therefore are never found directly next to a noun. In English, there is only one word to say you while in German there are three. Schwimmt mindestens zweimal wöchentlich! Add -es. Many translated example sentences containing "Plural" – English-German dictionary and search engine for English translations. Her / Their / Your mother comes to visit this weekend. It is always (!) Many German-language students have trouble initially with ihr. This could be because there are two ihrs. Nouns ending in sibilants. The plural morpheme in English is suffixed to the end of most nouns. So far it even seems that it doesn’t matter at all whether we have an article in front of us or a pronoun. This is the formal version. [Dialect] zweite Person Plural. In German, however, there are three basic forms of “you”. Home > Verbs > Irregular verbs > The irregular verb "lesen" in German. The three words we are talking about are du, ihr and Sie. Certain nouns have irregular plurals because they do not follow the rules for forming plurals by adding an "s" or "es." In English, the “neuter” pronoun “it” can be used to refer to any object. Personal pronouns in the nominative (the subject of the sentence) are ich (I), du (You singular informal), er (he), sie (she), es (it), wir (we), ihr (you plural informal), sie (they), Sie (you, formal). “Her” Ihr (her) is also the dative form of sie (she). And now we finally have a difference. News, The content on this site is unless otherwise stated under the open license CC BY-SA 4.0 available (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0) . Ihr translate: your, yours, your, yours, you, her, hers, their, theirs, her, its, their, their, ye, you, you…. Declension and plural of pronoun ihrer The declension of the pronoun ihrer is in singular genitive ihres and in the plural nominative ihre.It is a possessive pronoun. More information can be found in the Terms of Use. What is the Sie form in German? Then let’s move on. Find German translations in our English-German dictionary and in 1,000,000,000 translations. (auxiliary, with an infinitive, past participle geworden) will; to be going (to do something); forms the future tense Ich werde nach Hause gehen. In this English language video, we look at how to make plural nouns in English. How to form the plural. „sein Auto“        vs        „ihn"     his car                           him (car?). plural ihr e Freundinnen ihr e Another interesting observation is that a pronoun always has an article ending while an article at times doesnt (ihr.x Mann). neuter        feminine        plural, In these three cases the following articles do not get an ending: ein, mein (and all articles of the same family: dein, sein, ihr, unser, euer, ihr), kein. 2nd person plural nominative ihr corresponds to Middle Dutch ghi and English ye/you. Schmitz, Michael. Articles as well as pronouns can have endings and those depend on the noun that they are accompanying or replacing. The familiar forms for “you” are du (singular) and ihr (plural). ihr [2 Pers Plural] translation in German - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'Per',Perser',Person',Persien', examples, definition, conjugation Sie fragte ihren Mann nach seiner Meinung. Plurals in English have an ‘s’ at the end of the word, right? [Scroll down to the end of this article to find the answer.]. Swim at least twice a week! EN. German adds a formal “you” (Sie), which is both singular and plural. The first of these is an example of gender-based pronoun usage that may not be intuitive to an English speaker because in English an inanimate object is almost always referenced by the pronoun "it." Ihr – Second Person Plural. Another interesting observation is that a pronoun always has an article ending while an article at times doesnt (ihr.x Mann). Not always! The third person singular personal pronouns are inflected for gender and are used to refer to objects as well as people. That calls for one more example: Magst du ihr Auto? Did you find all pronouns and articles? Look up in Linguee; Suggest as a translation of "Plural" Copy; DeepL Translator Linguee. This video helps you a bit with the basic (personal) pronouns, "er", "es" and "sie". Regular English plurals fall into three classes, depending upon the sound that ends the singular form: > Notice that there’s no difference in „ihre“ whether you say „her“, „their“ or „your“. The following table should illustrate the differences in another form: masculine     ihr.x Mann            ihrer, neuter           ihr.x Auto              ihres, feminine       ihre Freundin         ihre, plural            ihre Freundinnen   ihre. So, if ‘ihr’ is the subject of the sentence, it has to be ‘you’ and cannot be ‘she’. Used primarily in the Southern US, this is a shortening of the phrase "you all," which is also used … German has a second person plural (ihr) that’s different from the singular (du); English uses "you" for both, except in casual/regional plurals like “y’all” or “you guys." Plural: English meaning: du trinkst: ihr trinkt: you or y'all are drinking: Sie trinken: Sie trinken: you (formal) or you (plural) are drinking: Common Problem: There Are Four Sies and Four Ihrs. [geschlechtsneutral, statt „sein“ oder „ihr“ oder „sein oder ihr“] their {pron} [non-gender-specific] [after an indefinite singular antecedent in place of "his" or "her" or "his or her"] ihr [Possessivpronomen, v. a. bei Personen] her {pron} [possessive pronoun] Person wird der Angesprochene oder der Leser bezeichnet. ThoughtCo. Ich gebe ihr einen Kuss. 3rd person singular feminine dative ihr corresponds to Middle Dutch haer and English her. expand_more It's not surprising that you all found it when you arrived in your bathrooms here. Sie (=pronoun) fragte ihren Mann (=article) nach seiner Meinung (=article). Mit du usw. accompanied by a noun (words that can have     a „the“ in front of them like „the car“). Bestreut bitte das Salz! 2. 'ihr' when nominative case (ie it is the subject) is you-plural (you all) 'ihr' when in dative refers to the indirect female object - ie it is being done 'to her' or 'for her' June 22, 2013 Ahmedsaladino I give her a kiss    > There is no noun after „ihr“, Ihr könnt hier nicht bleiben. ist ein einzelner Zuhörer/Leser gemeint. Translator. The form Ihr (capitalized in writing) was formerly the polite second-person form for both singular and plural (compare French vous and Early Modern English you) and was used instead of contemporary Sie. The problem is the missing awareness regarding the differences between an article and a pronoun. Do you know what the difference between these two is? Need to translate "ihr" from German? The case of 3rd person singular feminine dative ihr is very straightforward given the great similarity of ihr, haer and her. Grammatically speaking „Mann“ is masculine and stands in the accusative case. With „ihr“ this is a bit tricky but let me take another pronoun to illustrate this. Do you like her car? The informal word is du in the singular and ihr in the plural. The plural of nouns in English. Articles come in various forms: der, ein-, mein-, dies-, welch-, kein-. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our. The one that you need to know first is “Sie”. "The German Word 'ihr' Is an Article and a Pronoun." Have a safe trip home. Sie, du and ihr In English, there is only one word to say you while in German there are three different words. Schmitz, Michael. There are also multiple versions of sie, which can be complicated. She asked her husband for his opinion. Regular Plural Forms 1.1. articles and pronouns often look alike and can only be distinguished by their companion or a lack of it. "The German Word 'ihr' Is an Article and a Pronoun." : I have invited them to dinner. But her husband didn’t answer her. https://www.thoughtco.com/articles-and-pronouns-in-german-1444493 (accessed April 3, 2021). Declension and plural of article ihr The declension of the article ihr is in singular genitive ihres and in the plural nominative ihre.It is a pronoun used as a possessive article.Following adjectives are mixed declined. More meanings for ihr. Wed, Oct 7th 2015 | No Comments. Schmitz, Michael. German Polite Form When to use du, ihr and Sie? Aber ihr Mann (=article) antwortete ihr (=pronoun) nicht. The content may be freely and permanently used, copied and modified and is suitable as Open Educational Resources (OER). Open menu. Aber ihr Mann antwortete ihr nicht. her pronoun: ihre, sie, die: their pronoun: ihre, deren: you pronoun: Sie, du, man, dich, dir: to her pronoun: ihr: you-all pronoun: ihr: Find more words! German Indefinite Article with Video. In the case of a publication please name the author "Netzverb (www.verbformen.com)" with link to https: //www.verbformen.com/.